Myopathies (Congenital Myopathies , Muscular Dystrophy)

Congenital myopathies cause loss of muscle tone and muscle weakness in infancy and delayed motor milestones, such as walking, later in childhood

Symptoms of congenital myopathies include mild weakness of voluntary muscles, especially in the hips and legs; hip displacement; delays in reaching developmental milestones; and problems with running, jumping and climbing stairs. 

Some congenital myopothies can also cause the muscle weakness in face along with drooping upper eyelids; long, narrow face; high-arched palate; jaw projecting beyond upper part of face; muscle stiffness; decreased or absent reflexes and periodic paralysis.

Main symptoms include

  • Progressive muscular wasting
  • Poor balance
  • Frequent falls
  • Walking difficulty
  • Limited range of movement
  • Drooping eyelids

Muscular Dystrophy

 Muscular dystrophy  can be defined as a group of muscular diseases that weaken the muscles which move the human body. Muscular dystrophies are characterized by progressive  muscle weakness, death of muscle cells and tissue..

Main symptoms include:

  1. Progressive muscular wasting
  2. Difficulty in walking
  3. Change in walking pattern
  4. Limited range of movement
  5. Difficulty in breathing
  6. Scoliosis
  7. Poor balance
  8. Difficulty in climbing and getting up           

                                              There are different types of muscular dystrophies named in  different manners but the basic cause behind the condition is the breaking of muscle fibers.

Muscular Dystrophy and Ayurveda

      In ayurveda its mentioned in classics as MAMSASHOSHA(reduction in muscle bulk), according to ayurveda this condition occur due to doshic imbalance and changes in saptha dhathus which are the basic elements maintaining the body structure

In ayurveda there is the concept of agni (digestive fire) which maintains the cellurar metabolism which inturn nourishes the dhathus which are rasa, raktha, mamsa, medha, asthi, majja and shukla. Which builds the body and each dhathu is having its digestive fire any imbalance or vitiation in this fire will be leading to improper absorption of nutrients leading to the condition of weakness

In this case there is an increase in mamsa dhathu agni(muscle),which will be leading to its destruction and in turn reduction in muscle bulk and increase in medas(fat) which is the next dhathu after mamsa

If we  closely look into the pathogenisis of this disease it’s the increase in fat tissue and decrease in the muscle bulk will be there in most of the condition leading to a reduction in muscle power

Ayurvedic Management

The main line of management is to correct the dhathu, agni and increase the muscle bulk,this is done with special internal medications and external treatment modalities which increases the vascularity and hence increasing the nourishment,it’s a long term process with a strict regime arresting the muscle destruction and rejuvenating the myofibers